Course Title: Understanding Major Depressive Disorder with the special qualifier of Melancholic Features
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Expiration date: [Month] [Year]
Estimated time to complete activity: [#] hours
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This activity is jointly provided by Medical Education Resources and Symptom Media.
Nurses, general practice physicians, psychiatrist, psychologists, social workers, marriage and family therapists, substance abuse counselors, allied health professionals, and students, interns, and trainees of these disciplines.
Underlying Need for this Course
The purpose of this activity is to increase the learner’s overall knowledge about: major depressive disorders and differential diagnoses (with a focus on melancholic features), prevalence, recognition, treatments, and treatment outcomes.
- Diagnosis of MDD and qualifiers can be difficult because there is no standard measurement, relies on professional interpretation and assessment
- MDD frequently co-occurs with other diagnoses
- The ability to differentiate between MDD w/melancholic features, diagnosis and specifiers, among other depressive disorders
There is an estimated 16 million/6.7% of adults struggling with MDD. According to WHO (2018) and the CDC it is the leading cause of disability in the US and affects 3x more women than men. The American Journal of Psychiatry found that major depression rates for American adults increased from 3.33 percent to 7.06 percent from 1991 through 2002. Depression is also considered a worldwide epidemic, with 5 percent of the global population suffering from the condition, according to the World Health Organization. Those with melancholic features more frequently have SI/SA and/or will be hospitalized inpatient. Depression is involved in more than two-thirds of the 30,000 suicides that occur in the United States every year.
- Proper diagnosis is key as MDD is dangerous and debilitating. The earlier an individual starts treatment, the more likely to stabilize the condition
- Treatment Gaps – medications alone are not enough for most, still suffer symptoms
- Alternative Treatments – strong need for development to better address severity of symptoms and treatment resistant depression.
By the end of this course learners will be able to:
- Define Major Depressive Disorder
- Explain possible causes of Major Depressive Disorder with Melancholic Features
- Differential diagnoses among depressive disorders
- Identify changes from the DSM-IV to the DSM-5 related to MDD
Meet your instructor: Monica L. Martocci, MA, LMFT received an M.A. in Clinical Psychology from Pepperdine University, a B.A. in Psychology from the University of Colorado, and is a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (License #LMFT36882). Monica has over 25 years of clinical experience in diverse settings and has developed, implemented, and supervised several programs that are recognized locally and nationally as being exemplary. She has a broad background in program development and service delivery, clinical supervision, and training for inpatient residential treatment and outpatient day treatment programs working primarily with adolescents, adults, veterans, and their families. Monica has experience with many different client populations in a wide variety of settings, including those with severe and persistent mental illness, co-occurring disorders, addictions, homelessness, and trauma. She has worked closely with the Dept. of Mental Health, Dept. of Children and Family Services, Probation including juvenile and adult justice systems, Drug Court and Veterans Court, LAUSD and school settings, Hospitals, Regional Centers, Adoptions and Foster Family Agencies, VA, Clinical Studies/Drug Research, and has consulted on a number of television shows as an expert on families, addictions, eating disorders, and trauma. In addition, she is a seasoned presenter in nationwide conferences on the topics of trauma and recovery, and co-occurring disorders.
Monica is currently working as Chief Clinical Officer for CLARE Foundation. She also maintains a private practice in WLA and Long Beach specializing in the treatment of children, adolescents, families, active duty military/veterans, as well as individuals and couples. Focus is on addictions, co-occurring disorders, trauma, eating disorders, depression, anxiety, child/sexual abuse, domestic violence, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, mood disorders, grief and loss, school and behavioral issues, ADHD/ADD, personality disorders, self-harm, self-esteem, and interpersonal and relationship issues.
The content of this course includes material designed to assist students, counselors, therapists, social workers, nurses, and doctors in understanding the definition, diagnostic criteria, statistics treatment options, and risk factors of Major Depressive Disorder with Melancholic Features.
Online course slides with learning objectives, relevant course content, references, video case studies which demonstrate signs, symptoms and behaviors consistent with DSM5 diagnosis, expert commentary is presented with video clips to assist learning and symptom recognition. Multiple choice quizzes are presented on subject matter of slides and videos.
This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of Medical Education Resources (MER) and Symptom Media. MER is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
Medical Education Resources designates this enduring material for a maximum of XX AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Medical Education Resources is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation.
This CE activity provides [XX] contact hours of continuing nursing education.
Medical Education Resources is a provider of continuing nursing education by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider #CEP 12299, for [insert] contact hours.
Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest
Medical Education Resources ensures balance, independence, objectivity, and scientific rigor in all our educational programs. In accordance with this policy, MER identifies conflicts of interest with its instructors, content managers, and other individuals who are in a position to control the content of an activity. Conflicts are resolved by MER to ensure that all scientific research referred to, reported, or used in a continuing education activity conforms to the generally accepted standards of experimental design, data collection, and analysis. MER is committed to providing its learners with high-quality activities that promote improvements or quality in health care and not the business interest of a commercial interest.
The faculty reported the following financial relationships with commercial interests whose products or services may be mentioned in this activity:
The content managers reported the following financial relationships with commercial interests whose products or services may be mentioned in this activity:
Method of Participation
There are no fees for participating in and receiving credit for this activity (or insert fee amount if applicable). During the period [release month] [year] through [expiration date], [year], participants must 1) read the learning objectives and faculty disclosures, 2) study the educational activity, 3) complete the posttest by recording the best answer to each question, 4) complete the evaluation.
A statement of credit will be issued only upon receipt of a completed activity evaluation form and a completed posttest with a score of 70% or better.
- Mental Health America (2016). The State of Mental Health in America 2016. Available at: https://www.mhanational.org/issues/state-mental-health-america
- Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Fifth edition (DSM-5). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association; 2013.
- Uher, R., Payne, J. L., Pavlova, B., & Perlis, R. H. (2014). Major depressive disorder in DSM‐5: Implications for clinical practice and research of changes from DSM‐IV. Depression and Anxiety, 31(6), 459-471.
- Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (US). AHCPR Quick Reference Guides. Rockville (MD): Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (US); 1992-1996. 5, Depression in Primary Care: Detection, Diagnosis, and Treatment: Quick Reference Guideline Number 5. 1993
- Gelenberg, A. J., Freeman, M. P., Markowitz, J. C., Rosenbaum, J. F., Thase, M. E., Trivedi, M. H., & Van Rhoads, R. S. (2010). American Psychiatric Association practice guidelines for the treatment of patients with major depressive disorder. Am J Psychiatry, 167(Suppl. 10), 9-118.
- Sotsky, S. M., Glass, D. R., Shea, M. T., Pilkonis, P. A., Collins, F., Elkin, I., … & Oliveri, M. E. (2006). Patient predictors of response to psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy: findings in the NIMH Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program. Focus, 148(2), 997-290.
- Taylor, J. J., & Ostroff, R. (2018). National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program. 50 Studies Every Psychiatrist Should Know, 155.
- Coenen, V. A., Sajonz, B., Reisert, M., Bostroem, J., Bewernick, B., Urbach, H., … & Mädler, B. (2018). Tractography-assisted deep brain stimulation of the superolateral branch of the medial forebrain bundle (slMFB DBS) in major depression. NeuroImage: Clinical, 20, 580-593.
- Psych Congress 2018: Orlando, FL; October 25, 2018 – “Severity and the treatment of depression: a review of two controversies”
- Muneer, A (2018). Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar Disorder: Differentiating Features and Contemporary Treatment Approaches
- Psych Congress 2019 – w. Clay Jackson, MD, DipTh “Clinical Challenges in MDD: Addressing the needs of Patients with Comorbid Disorders”
The content and views presented in this educational activity are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of Medical Education Resources, Symptom Media and/or [insert grantor]. The authors have disclosed if there is any discussion of published and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by the FDA in their presentations. Before prescribing any medicine, primary references and full prescribing information should be consulted. Any procedures, medications, or other courses of diagnosis or treatment discussed or suggested in this activity should not be used by clinicians without evaluation of their patient’s conditions and possible contraindications on dangers in use, review of any applicable manufacturer’s product information, and comparison with recommendations of other authorities. The information presented in this activity is not meant to serve as a guideline for patient management.