D26 – 1.5 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD; F43.10) Criterion E – Hyperarousal

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD; F43.10) Criterion E – Hyperarousal

E. Marked alterations in arousal and reactivity as evidenced by two (or more) of the following:

  1. Irritable behavior and angry outbursts (with little or no provocation) (e.g., verbal or physical aggression toward people or objects).
  2. Reckless or self-destructive behavior.
  3. Hypervigilance.
  4. Exaggerated startle response.
  5. Problems with concentration.
  6. Sleep disturbance (e.g., difficulty falling or staying asleep or restless sleep).
(American Psychiatric Association, 2022)