2.1 What are Benzodiazepines?

What are Benzodiazepines?

  • Benzodiazepines are in the class of “sedative, hypnotic, or anxiolytic substances”.
  • They are considered a “controlled” substance and act as brain depressants that decrease activity in the nervous system.
  • Benzodiazepines are available both by prescription and illegally.
  • They most commonly include alprazolam (Xanax), diazepam (Valium), clonazepam (Klonopin), and lorazepam (Ativan).
  • They’re widely prescribed to treat anxiety and sleep problems.
(APA, 2022)