1.4 Neurocognitive Disorder

Neurocognitive Disorder

  • Dementia, or major neurocognitive disorder as it is termed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®).
  • The development of dementia may threaten one’s autonomy increasing the need for greater protections for safety; promoting autonomy and recognizing that overprotection and inappropriate removal of one’s rights carries risks to the well-being of those living with dementia.
  • A diagnosis of dementia requires that the patient has developed impairments in learning and memory, language, executive function, complex attention, perceptual-motor, or social cognition.
American Psychiatric Association, 2013