DSM 5 Guided Film Preview

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Sexual Assault

Kristina is hesitant to see the doctor, unsure if anything can help her current nightmare. Since Kristina was sexually assaulted and raped she has been frightened to leave her home, be in the company of strangers, or visit unfamiliar places. Her mind constantly replays the night of the incident both in her nightmares and when she is awake, causing her relationship with her boyfriend and work life to suffer.

This training title highlights the major symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder may include: recurrent, involuntary, and intrusive distressing memories of traumatic events; recurrent distressing dreams related to the events; dissociative reactions such as flashbacks in which the individual acts or feels as if the traumatic event were recurring; intense or prolonged psychological distress at exposure to internal or external cues that symbolize or resemble an aspect of the traumatic event; persistent avoidance of or efforts to avoid distressing memories, thoughts, or feelings about or closely associated with the traumatic events; avoidance of or efforts to avoid external reminders (people, places, conversations, activities, objects, situations) that arouse distressing memories, thoughts, or feelings about or closely associated with the traumatic events; negative alterations in cognitions and mood associated with the traumatic events such as negative beliefs and expectations, blame, negative emotional states, diminished interest, feeling detached from others, and inability to experience positive emotions; and marked alterations in arousal and reactivity associated with the traumatic events including hypervigilance, irritability, poor concentration, poor sleep, exaggerated startle response, and reckless or self-destructive behaviors.