1.10 Barriers


  • Transgender individuals face high rates of poverty, and housing insecurity, which can limit their ability to leave a situation where they are exposed to violence.
  • Low awareness and availability of affirming services.
  • Hesitation to report out of fear of encountering anti-LGBTQ+ stigma.
  • Negative experience when reporting to providers or the police in the past.
  • Fear of social impact.
  • Low levels of confidence in the sensitivity and effectiveness of law enforcement officials and courts for LGBT people.
HRC Report (2020)